Household-based prevalence of helminths and parasitic protozoa in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, assessed from faecal vault sampling
2010 (English)In: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, ISSN 0035-9203, E-ISSN 1878-3503, Vol. 104, no 10, 646-652 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This study was undertaken to examine the family-based prevalence of environmentally persistent parasites in two rural communities of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Samples were collected from 120 urine-diversion family toilets and screened for selected protozoa and helminths with immunomagnetic separation and the ammonium bicarbonate (AMBIC) protocol respectively. The parasites found were Ascaris lumbricoides (59%), Giardia intestinalis (54%), Trichuris trichiura (48%), Cryptosporidium spp. (21%) and Taenia spp. (18%). Only 14% of the household toilets were negative for these pathogens. The occurrence of A. lumbricoides and T. trichiura was lower (P<0.001) in the area with better hygiene behaviour, whereas G. intestinalis was more common (P<0.05) in families with at least one child aged five years or less and in families with more than four persons. Quantification of the parasites per gram was done for each sample and this provided realistic risk assessment data for the reuse of material from urine-diversion toilets. The high occurrence of parasites found in the two communities, in spite of sanitation and hygiene interventions in the areas, suggests an endemicity that will not be reduced without de-worming campaigns. Finally, the study showed that sampling directly from the deposited faecal material may be useful for parasitic prevalence estimations.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 104, no 10, 646-652 p.
Giardia intestinalis, Cryptosporidium spp., soil-transmitted helminths, Taenia spp., on-site sanitation, public health
Oceanography, Hydrology, Water Resources Other Environmental Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-26285DOI: 10.1016/j.trstmh.2010.06.009ISI: 000282854700003ScopusID: 2-s2.0-77956649076OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-26285DiVA: diva2:385282
QC 201101112011-01-112010-11-212011-01-11Bibliographically approved