SUZAKU OBSERVATIONS OF LUMINOUS QUASARS: REVEALING THE NATURE OF HIGH-ENERGY BLAZAR EMISSION IN LOW-LEVEL ACTIVITY STATES
2010 (English)In: Astrophysical Journal, ISSN 0004-637X, E-ISSN 1538-4357, Vol. 716, no 1, 835-849 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We present the results from the Suzaku X-ray observations of five flat-spectrum radio quasars (FSRQs), namely PKS 0208-512, Q 0827+243, PKS 1127-145, PKS 1510-089, and 3C 454.3. All these sources were additionally monitored simultaneously or quasi-simultaneously by the Fermi satellite in gamma rays and the Swift UVOT in the UV and optical bands, respectively. We constructed their broadband spectra covering the frequency range from 10(14) Hz up to 10(25) Hz, and those reveal the nature of high-energy emission of luminous blazars in their low-activity states. The analyzed X-ray spectra are well fitted by a power-law model with photoelectric absorption. In the case of PKS 0208-512, PKS 1127-145, and 3C 454.3, the X-ray continuum showed indication of hardening at low energies. Moreover, when compared with the previous X-ray observations, we see a significantly increasing contribution of low-energy photons to the total X-ray fluxes when the sources are getting fainter. The same behavior can be noted in the Suzaku data alone. A likely explanation involves a variable, flat-spectrum component produced via inverse-Compton emission, plus an additional, possibly steady soft X-ray component prominent when the source gets fainter. This soft X-ray excess is represented either by a steep power-law (photon indices Gamma similar to 3-5) or a blackbody-type emission with temperatures kT similar to 0.1-0.2 keV. We model the broadband spectra of the five observed FSRQs using synchrotron self-Compton and/or external-Compton radiation models. Our modeling suggests that the difference between the low-and high-activity states in luminous blazars is due to the different total kinetic power of the jet, most likely related to varying bulk Lorentz factor of the outflow within the blazar emission zone.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 716, no 1, 835-849 p.
galaxies: active, galaxies: jets, radiation mechanisms: non-thermal, X-rays: galaxies
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-27840DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/716/1/835ISI: 000277960000064ScopusID: 2-s2.0-77952974205OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-27840DiVA: diva2:386626
FunderSwedish Research CouncilKnut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation
QC 201101132011-01-132011-01-032012-03-21Bibliographically approved