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Dynamics of Synaptic Transmission between Fast-Spiking Interneurons and Striatal Projection Neurons of the Direct and Indirect Pathways
KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Computational Biology, CB.
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2010 (English)In: Journal of Neuroscience, ISSN 0270-6474, E-ISSN 1529-2401, Vol. 30, no 9, 3499-3507 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The intrastriatal microcircuit is a predominantly inhibitory GABAergic network comprised of a majority of projection neurons [medium spiny neurons (MSNs)] and a minority of interneurons. The connectivity within this microcircuit is divided into two main categories: lateral connectivity between MSNs, and inhibition mediated by interneurons, in particular fast spiking (FS) cells. To understand the operation of striatum, it is essential to have a good description of the dynamic properties of these respective pathways and how they affect different types of striatal projection neurons. We recorded from neuronal pairs, triplets, and quadruplets in slices of rat and mouse striatum and analyzed the dynamics of synaptic transmission between MSNs and FS cells. Retrograde fluorescent labeling and transgenic EGFP (enhanced green fluorescent protein) mice were used to distinguish between MSNs of the direct (striatonigral) and indirect (striatopallidal) pathways. Presynaptic neurons were stimulated with trains of action potentials, and activity-dependent depression and facilitation of synaptic efficacy was recorded from postsynaptic neurons. We found that FS cells provide a strong and homogeneously depressing inhibition of both striatonigral and striatopallidal MSN types. Moreover, individual FS cells are connected to MSNs of both types. In contrast, both MSN types receive sparse and variable, depressing and facilitating synaptic transmission from nearby MSNs. The connection probability was higher for pairs with presynaptic striatopallidal MSNs; however, the variability in synaptic dynamics did not depend on the types of interconnected MSNs. The differences between the two inhibitory pathways were clear in both species and at different developmental stages. Our findings show that the two intrastriatal inhibitory pathways have fundamentally different dynamic properties that are, however, similarly applied to both direct and indirect striatal projections.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 30, no 9, 3499-3507 p.
Keyword [en]
MEDIUM SPINY NEURONS, PARVALBUMIN-IMMUNOREACTIVE NEURONS, RAT NEOCORTEX, DOPAMINERGIC MODULATION, GABAERGIC INTERNEURONS, PYRAMIDAL NEURONS, AXON COLLATERALS, BASAL GANGLIA, NEOSTRIATUM, INHIBITION
National Category
Physiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-28695DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.5139-09.2010ISI: 000275191000036Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-77749310445OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-28695DiVA: diva2:390370
Funder
Swedish Research CouncilEU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme
Note
QC 20110121Available from: 2011-01-21 Created: 2011-01-19 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved

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