Mass spectrometer calibration over wide concentration ranges in multicomponent gas mixtures
2010 (English)In: Measurement science and technology, ISSN 0957-0233, E-ISSN 1361-6501, Vol. 21, no 2, 025102- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A quadrupole mass spectrometer (QMS) is used to measure the mixture composition of gas samples gathered in a novel burner configuration used to generate unstretched diffusion flames. The large variations of species concentration in the mixtures found in the burning chamber lead to accuracy problems due to the nonlinearities inherent to the instrument mode of operation. To obtain precise and real-time measurements, the sensitivity of the instrument is mapped to account for important changes in the sample composition. The implemented calibration procedure accounts for the concentration of the various species of interest in the burner (H-2, He, H2O, CH4, O-2, Ar, CO2) in mixtures containing up to five constituents, using up to one hundred reference mixtures. When necessary, calibration adjustments are performed using a small set of measurements to account for the effect of the drift of instrument sensitivity resulting from instrument wear or fouling. This procedure allows us to keep the relative error on the concentration of every species of interest below 5% for most of the mixtures while a classical calibration based on a limited number of reference mixtures often resulted in relative errors in excess of 50%.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 21, no 2, 025102- p.
gas mixture composition, mass spectrometry, calibration, nonlinear effects, combustion
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-29048DOI: 10.1088/0957-0233/21/2/025102ISI: 000273729300003ScopusID: 2-s2.0-75649125232OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-29048DiVA: diva2:392611
QC 201101272011-01-272011-01-252011-01-27Bibliographically approved