Thermoelectrical manipulation of nanomagnets
2010 (English)In: Journal of Applied Physics, ISSN 0021-8979, E-ISSN 1089-7550, Vol. 107, no 12, 123706- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We investigate the interplay between the thermodynamic properties and spin-dependent transport in a mesoscopic device based on a magnetic multilayer (F/f/F), in which two strongly ferromagnetic layers (F) are exchange-coupled through a weakly ferromagnetic spacer (f) with the Curie temperature in the vicinity of room temperature. We show theoretically that the Joule heating produced by the spin-dependent current allows a spin-thermoelectronic control of the ferromagnetic-to-paramagnetic (f/N) transition in the spacer and, thereby, of the relative orientation of the outer F-layers in the device (spin-thermoelectric manipulation of nanomagnets). Supporting experimental evidence of such thermally-controlled switching from parallel to antiparallel magnetization orientations in F/f(N)/F sandwiches is presented. Furthermore, we show theoretically that local Joule heating due to a high concentration of current in a magnetic point contact or a nanopillar can be used to reversibly drive the weakly ferromagnetic spacer through its Curie point and thereby exchange couple and decouple the two strongly ferromagnetic F-layers. For the devices designed to have an antiparallel ground state above the Curie point of the spacer, the associated spin-thermionic parallel to antiparallel switching causes magnetoresistance oscillations whose frequency can be controlled by proper biasing from essentially dc to GHz. We discuss in detail an experimental realization of a device that can operate as a thermomagnetoresistive switch or oscillator.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 107, no 12, 123706- p.
MAGNETIC MULTILAYER, ELECTRIC-CURRENT, SPIN-WAVES, DRIVEN, EXCITATION, MEMORY
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-29461DOI: 10.1063/1.3437054ISI: 000279993900068ScopusID: 2-s2.0-77954182379OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-29461DiVA: diva2:395946
FunderSwedish Research CouncilEU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, FP7-ICT-2007-C 225955
QC 201102082011-02-082011-02-022012-03-13Bibliographically approved