Stability, structural, and electronic properties of atomic chains on Yb/Ge(111)3X2 studied by STM and STS
2010 (English)In: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, ISSN 1098-0121, E-ISSN 1550-235X, Vol. 81, no 15, 155312- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
By means of scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy (STM/STS), we have investigated the stability and the structure of atomic chains on Yb/Ge (111) 3 X 2. STM allows the identification of different building blocks of this reconstruction, depending on the bias polarity and voltage, and validates the honeycomb chain-channel (HCC) structure with the Ge=Ge double bond and metal coverage of 1/6 ML for Yb/Ge (111)3 X 2, in agreement with the recent photoemission study [Kuzmin et al., Phys. Rev. B 75, 165305 (2007)]. The Yb atoms are found to be adsorbed on similar sites in the well-defined X 2 rows. Locally, such rows are distorted, leading to the X 4 periodicity, where the Yb atoms are adsorbed on two different sites that are well consistent with T4 and H3 sites. It is also assumed that Yb atoms can fluctuate rapidly between the neighboring T4 and H3 sites, leading to continuous rows observed together with the X 2 rows in STM images. The stability of Ge honeycomb chain is controlled by the presence of Yb atom per two (3 X 1) surface units in average, which results in the donation of one electron from Yb to the surface per (3 X 1) unit. When this density is locally changed, the Ge honeycomb chain is found to be broken. The inner structure of the Ge honeycomb chain is visualized in STM and shows dimerized features without any apparent buckling. The STM observations also account for why the double periodicity is missing in the low-energy electron diffraction pattern from Yb/Ge (111)3X2. The local electronic structure of this reconstruction, namely the Yb rows and Ge honeycomb chains, is studied by STS. The results support the HCC structure with the Ge=Ge double bond. It is believed that the present study elucidates the difference between the (3X2) reconstructions of Yb and Eu on Ge (111) and those of alkaline-earth and rare-earth metals on Si (111).
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 81, no 15, 155312- p.
Condensed Matter Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-27932DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.81.155312ISI: 000277210500083ScopusID: 2-s2.0-77955357765OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-27932DiVA: diva2:396850
QC 201102112011-02-112011-01-032011-02-11Bibliographically approved