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Starting performance of induction motors with cast aluminium and copper rotors including the effects of saturation and inter-bar currents
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Electrical Machines and Power Electronics.
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Electrical Machines and Power Electronics.
2009 (English)In: 2009 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ELECTRICAL MACHINES AND SYSTEMS, 2009, 159-163 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this paper, a study of the starting performance of induction machines with aluminium and copper casted rotors is presented. Models are developed to predict the starting current. Based on measurements of inter-bar resistivity, an analytical model is used to predict the influence of inter-bar currents on machine starting performance and stray-load losses. The results are verified by measurements. It is found that the inter-bar currents increase the pull-out torque in the aluminium rotor, but at the expense of increased stray-load losses.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. 159-163 p.
Series
International Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems ICEMS
Keyword [en]
Copper rotor, inter-bar current, starting torque, stray loss
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-29844DOI: 10.1109/ICEMS.2009.5382966ISI: 000277826700032Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-77950602851ISBN: 978-1-4244-5177-7 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-29844DiVA: diva2:399811
Conference
12th International Conference on Electrical Machines and Systems, Tokyo, JAPAN, NOV 15-18, 2009
Note
QC 20110222Available from: 2011-02-23 Created: 2011-02-17 Last updated: 2013-03-20Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Analysis and Reduction of Parasitic Effects in Induction Motors With Die-Cast Rotors
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Analysis and Reduction of Parasitic Effects in Induction Motors With Die-Cast Rotors
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis presents a study of inter-bar current effects on induction motors with die-cast aluminium and die-cast copper rotors. The parasitic effects introduced by these currents are analyzed and possible solutions to these problems are presented. This is realized by developing analytical tools for the simulation of inter-bar current effects. The methods used are verified by measurements on prototype machines. It is shown that the inter-bar currents can have a considerable effect on the motor starting performance, which can result in a reduced pull-out torque. At rated operation, this is seen as increased harmonic rotor currents, having a negative effect on the motor performance.

Results from calorimetric measurements show, that the efficiency gained when substituting a skewed die-cast aluminium rotor with a skewed die-cast copper rotor, is less than the theoretical expectation. It is shown that this is a result of a reduced power factor for the copper rotor. High inter-bar currents are believed to be the origin of this effect, increasing the harmonic content in the rotor magnetomotive force. This would be seen as an increased rotor leakage reactance. Results from locked-rotor tests, and simulations using measured values of inter-bar resistance, support this theory.

It is shown, that these negative effects are suppressed to a negligible level by the use of an unskewed rotor, but to the expense of a large synchronous torque at a low speed. By using a modulated rotor concept, having an asymmetrical rotor slot distribution, an unskewed rotor is designed to reduce this parasitic torque. Measurements on a prototype machine show that the modulated rotor suppresses both the inter-bar currents and the synchronous torque, resulting in an improved starting performance, without any significant change of the motor efficiency. The presented results strengthen the potential of the modulated rotor concept, introducing new possibilities for the reduction of negative effects appearing in induction machines.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2013. x, 47 p.
Series
Trita-EE, ISSN 1653-5146 ; 2013:011
Keyword
Aluminium rotors, asynchronous torques, copper rotors, die-cast rotors, induction machines, inter-bar currents, modulated rotors, starting torque, stray losses, synchronous torques
National Category
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-119603 (URN)978-91-7501-682-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2013-04-04, F3, Lindstedsvägen 26, KTH, Stockholm, 14:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20130320

Available from: 2013-03-20 Created: 2013-03-18 Last updated: 2013-03-20Bibliographically approved

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