Smart antennas in a WCDMA Radio Network System Revisited: Modeling and Evaluations
2006 (English)In: IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, ISSN 0018-926X, E-ISSN 0096-1973, Vol. 54, no 11, 3302-3316 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A comprehensive study is given of smart antennas for wide-band code-division multiple access (WCDMA). It analyzes, evaluates, and presents methods and ideas for the deployment of smart antennas in WCDMA third-generation wireless systems and for future generations. Three major implementations are evaluated and analyzed in a dynamic system simulator: higher order sectorization (HOS), fixed beams (FBs) with secondary common pilot channel (S-CPICH), and FBs with primary common pilot channel (P-CPICH) as a phase reference. The system modeling integrates antenna and wave propagation modeling to evaluate and design smart antennas in wireless communications. Furthermore, this paper analyzes the impact of angular spread of various antenna configurations, the interaction and impact of radio resource management as power tuning of the common channel, scrambling code (SCO) allocation technique, and soft and softer handover algorithm. Moreover, an SCO allocation strategy and an adaptive load-dependent power-tuning algorithm of the P-CPICH are proposed. Furthermore, a signal-to-(interference plus noise) ratio derivation is given. Extensive simulation studies are carried out to evaluate the capacity gains of HOS and FB. The 12-sector sites yield the best system downlink capacity gain compared to three-sector sites equipped with a single antenna, slightly more than three-sector sites equipped with four FBs each. The six-sector sites equipped with two FBs each reduce the gap between HOS and FB systems to 10%.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE , 2006. Vol. 54, no 11, 3302-3316 p.
Computer and Information Science
Research subject SRA - ICT
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-30604DOI: 10.1109/TAP.2006.883963ISI: 000241965800028ScopusID: 2-s2.0-38949202783OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-30604DiVA: diva2:400937
QC 201111082011-02-282011-02-282011-11-08Bibliographically approved