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Numerical Analysis and Measurement of Residual Stresses in Multi Pass Welding - Influence on Fatigue Root Crack Propagation
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Aeronautical and Vehicle Engineering, Lightweight Structures.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4180-4710
2006 (English)In: TRENDS IN WELDING RESEARCH, PROCEEDINGS / [ed] David SA; DebRoy T; Lippold JC; Smartt HB; Vitek JM, MATERIALS PARK: ASM INTERNATIONAL , 2006, 589-594 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study is to investigate the residual stresses near the weld root and the weld toe for multi-pass welded tube-to-plates, and the influence of residual stresses on multiaxial fatigue of tubular joints. Two different tubular joint configurations were studied; a three-pass single-U weld groove for maximum weld penetration and a two-pass fillet (no groove) welded tube-to-plates for minimum weld penetration. An axi-symmetric finite element model was developed to calculate the temperature distribution, HAZ, penetration depth and the residual stress distribution for the sequentially coupled thermo-mechanical analysis. The calculated geometry and the temperature distribution of the fusion zone showed good agreement with the micro samples of the welds. The calculated residual stresses was compared with experimental results and showed qualitatively good agreement. The "design root crack" is under compressive stresses in both configuration, -230 MPa for the single-U weld groove and -120 MPa for the fillet weld, respectively. Also the weld toe, transition between weld and tube, is under compressive stresses. Multi-axial fatigue tests were performed in order to study weld root crack propagation. The tube structures were loaded with a static internal pressure in order to separate the design root crack and initiate the crack growth. The fatigue tests show that, depending on the size of the static imposed internal pressure, different crack paths are received.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
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Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-29656ISI: 000279918300093ScopusID: 2-s2.0-33751549297ISBN: 978-0-87170-842-7OAI: diva2:401227
7th International Conference on Trends in Welding Research

QC 20110301

Available from: 2011-03-01 Created: 2011-02-11 Last updated: 2014-12-05Bibliographically approved

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Barsoum, Zuheir
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