The LIVE program: Results of test L1 and joint analyses on transient molten pool thermal hydraulics
2010 (English)In: Progress in nuclear energy (New series), ISSN 0149-1970, Vol. 52, no 1, 46-60 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The development of a corium pool in the lower head and its behaviour is still a critical issue. This concerns, in general, the understanding of a severe accident with core melting, its course, major critical phases and timing, and the influence of these processes on the accident progression as well as, in particular, the evaluation of in-vessel melt retention by external vessel flooding as an accident mitigation strategy. Previous studies were especially related to the in-vessel retention question and often just concentrated on the quasi-steady state behaviour of a large molten pool in the lower head, considered as a bounding configuration. However, non-feasibility of the in-vessel retention concept for high power density reactors and uncertainties e.g. due to layering effects even for low or medium power reactors, turns this to be insufficient. Rather, it is essential to consider the whole evolution of the accident, including e.g. formation and growth of the in-core melt pool, characteristics of corium arrival in the lower head, and molten pool behaviour after the debris re-melting. These phenomena have a strong impact on a potential termination of a severe accident. The general objective of the LIVE program at FZK is to study these phenomena resulting from core melting experimentally in large-scale 3D geometry and in supporting separate-effects tests, with emphasis on the transient behaviour. Up to now, several tests on molten pool behaviour have been performed within the LIVE experimental program with water and with non-eutectic melts (KNO3-NaNO3) as simulant fluids. The results of these experiments, performed in nearly adiabatic and in isothermal conditions, allow a direct comparison with findings obtained earlier in other experimental programs (SIMECO, ACOPO, BALI, etc.) and will be used for the assessment of the correlations derived for the molten pool behaviour. Complementary to other international programs with real corium melts, the results of the LIVE activities also provide data for a better understanding of in-core corium pool behaviour. The experimental results are being used for the development and validation of mechanistic models for the description of molten pool behaviour, In the present paper, a range of different models is used for post-test calculations and comparative analyses. This includes simplified, but fast running models implemented in the severe accident codes ASTEC and ATHLET-CD. Further, a computational tool developed at KTH (PECM model implemented in Fluent) is applied. These calculations are complemented by analyses with the CFD code CONV (thermal hydraulics of heterogeneous, viscous and heat-generating melts) which was developed at IBRAE (Nuclear Safety Institute of Russian Academy) within the RASPLAV project and was further improved within the ISTC 2936 Project.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 52, no 1, 46-60 p.
Severe accidents, Molten pool, In-vessel retention
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-30342DOI: 10.1016/j.pnucene.2009.09.007ISI: 000273244600006ScopusID: 2-s2.0-70450221497OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-30342DiVA: diva2:401799
QC 20110304 3rd European Review Meeting on Severe Accident Research, Nesseber, BULGARIA, 20082011-03-042011-02-242011-03-04Bibliographically approved