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The influence of interfacial ageing and temperature on the coalescence of oil droplets in water
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry.
2011 (English)In: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, ISSN 0927-7757, Vol. 374, no 1-3, 96-101 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Understanding the coalescence behaviour of two single droplets of industrial kerosene oil is an important precursor for predicting the stability of a concentrated kerosene emulsion system. In taking such an approach, distinct differences in the dynamic coalescence of fresh and aged binary droplets of analytical and technical grade kerosene was observed which we believe to be important with regard to the stability of concentrated systems. It was shown from induction time measurements (the time from first contact to rupture of the thin film separating the droplets) that the analytical grade kerosene binary droplets are considerable more stable than the technical grade at higher temperature (up to 65 degrees C) but the analytical grade shows a gradual decrease in stability up to 65 degrees C. At 75 degrees C, both grades of kerosene droplets remained stable to coalescence. After this initial rupture, coalescence proceeded as a series of dynamic oscillations and further insight into the fusion behaviour could be obtained by analysis of the change in the surface area of the aggregated droplets as a function of time. The longer induction times correlated with the more vigorous post rupture oscillations (less damping resulting from an increase in interfacial elasticity) which were recorded during the drop fusion. These experiments reveal preliminary steps in the coalescence of oil droplets where measurements from first contact to final damped equilibrium are quantified. This aspect of coalescence has not been well represented in the earlier literature. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 374, no 1-3, 96-101 p.
Keyword [en]
Oil droplets, Coalescence, Kerosene
National Category
Physical Chemistry
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-31015DOI: 10.1016/j.colsurfa.2010.11.012ISI: 000286714700014ScopusID: 2-s2.0-78650240535OAI: diva2:402219
QC 20110307Available from: 2011-03-07 Created: 2011-03-07 Last updated: 2011-03-07Bibliographically approved

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