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Governance of Large-Scale Environmental Problems: the case of climate change
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
2010 (English)In: International Journal of Global Warming, ISSN 1758-2083, Vol. 2, no 2, 162-178 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper focuses on the management of Climate Change Mitigation (CCM), seeking a working institution capable of addressing its cross-scale and multi-level challenges. Currently, two most studied forms of institution are co-management and transnational networks, of which a common point is that they both attempt to build up cooperative networks. While cooperative networks have a general form of viability, this paper develops an Interactions Check Table (ICT) to illustrate those interactions between stakeholders in those two forms of cooperative networks. On the basis of the ICT analysis, this paper makes suggestions for improving cooperative networks as a working institution.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 2, no 2, 162-178 p.
Keyword [en]
CCM, climate change mitigation, co-management, transnational networks, cooperative networks
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-31420ISI: 000289944200005ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84950304111OAI: diva2:404027
QC 20110518Available from: 2011-08-16 Created: 2011-03-14 Last updated: 2011-08-17Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Understanding the Clean Development Mechanism and its dual aims: the case of China's projects
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Understanding the Clean Development Mechanism and its dual aims: the case of China's projects
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Having been running for over 10 years, the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) is considered an innovative and successful mitigation initiative. CDM has the dual aims of helping industrialised countries achieve compliance with their emission limitation and reduction commitments in a cost-effective way, while simultaneously assisting developing countries in sustainable development. This thesis does a comprehensive analysis of the dual aims of CDM and is intended to assist in discussions about the post-2012 regime regarding CDM.

To analyse the aim of assisting mitigation in a cost-effective way, the prices of certified emission reductions (CERs) on the international carbon market was studied and the provision of CDM was tested by comparing the amount of CERs with the mitigation commitments of the Annex I countries. It was found that CDM plays an important role in maintaining the international carbon price at a low level and that the total amount of CERs alone had already reached up to 52.70% of the entire mitigation commitments of industrialized countries by the end of 2010 and was continuing to grow before 2012.

A theoretical analysis of the impacts of CDM showed that CDM has a double mitigation effect in both developing countries and industrialised countries, without double counting at present. A quantitative evaluation of the effects of China’s CDM projects on China’s total emissions showed that the contribution of CDM projects to limiting total emissions is small due to the dominance of fossil fuels, but CDM’s role in stimulating renewable energy is significant, e.g. about 11% of hydropower and 93% of wind power was generated by CDM projects in 2010. The results provide strong evidence in support of CDM’s contribution under the current Kyoto Protocol mitigation regime.

To analyse the aim of promoting sustainable development in developing countries, popular methods such as checklist, Multi-Criteria Analysis (MCA) and Cost-Benefit Analysis (CBA) were reviewed, a CBA of co-benefits of China’s CDM projects was carried out, and the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) method was applied in an experimental study. The results showed that every method has its own advantages and problems. In other words, neither the CBA of co-benefits nor the AHP method alone is able to assess sustainable development in a completely satisfactory way. Currently, a bottom-up approach through engaging local stakeholders in CDM design and approval, combining a mandatory monitoring and evaluation of co-benefits, could be more effective for safeguarding local sustainable development than any consolidated standards.

The future of the CDM is still unclear mainly due to uncertainties about the post-2012 regime. This thesis shows that there is more than sufficient reason for CDM to continue after 2012. Industrialised countries in general should make more substantial efforts to reduce their domestic emissions rather than blaming developing countries. For developing countries, learning from the CDM projects and further applying the knowledge, technology and experiences to their domestic development agenda could be more valuable than the present CER revenues. CDM can be an important starting point for developing countries to gradually make incremental greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction and limitation efforts.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2011. viii, 62 p.
Trita-IM, ISSN 1402-7615 ; 2011: 28
Clean development mechanism (CDM), Climate change mitigation, Kyoto Protocol, Sustainable Development, China’s mitigation strategy, Cost benefit analysis (CBA), co-benefits, Multi-criteria analysis (MCA), Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP)
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Research subject
SRA - Energy
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-37462 (URN)978-91-7501-073-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2011-09-14, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26 Entreplan, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
QC 20110817Available from: 2011-08-17 Created: 2011-08-11 Last updated: 2011-08-17Bibliographically approved

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