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Removal of sulphate, COD and Cr(VI) in simulated and real wastewater by sulphate reducing bacteria enrichment in small bioreactor and FTIR study
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE).
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2011 (English)In: Bioresource Technology, ISSN 0960-8524, E-ISSN 1873-2976, Vol. 102, no 2, 677-682 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present study was conducted to investigate the chromium(VI), COD and sulphate removal efficiency from aqueous solution and treatment of real effluent (CETP) in a small scale bioreactor using sulphate reducing bacteria consortium. Effect of different hydraulic retention times (HRTs), initial metal concentrations, various carbon sources and temperatures were studied on removal of chromium(VI), COD and sulphate. Maximum chromium(VI) and sulphate removal was found to be 96.0% and 82.0%, respectively, at initial concentration of 50 mg l(-1) using lactate as carbon source. However, highest COD removal was 36.2% in medium containing fructose as the carbon source and electron donor. NADH dependent chromate reductase activity was not observed which indicated the anaerobic consortium. Initially consortium medium with a strong negative oxidation reduction potential indicated the reducing activity. The FTIR spectrum of the sulphate reducing bacteria consortium clearly shows the existence of the sulphate ions and signifies that sulfate reducing bacteria have used sulfate during the growth phase.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 102, no 2, 677-682 p.
Keyword [en]
Sulphate reducing bacteria, Consortium, Chromium, Bioreactor, Metal removal
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-31362DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2010.08.041ISI: 000286782700035ScopusID: 2-s2.0-78650705364OAI: diva2:404336
QC 20110316Available from: 2011-03-16 Created: 2011-03-14 Last updated: 2011-03-16Bibliographically approved

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Kumar, Rajender
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