Effect of magnitudes and directions (mono-axis and multi-axis) of whole body-vibration exposures and subjects postures on the sketching performance
2011 (English)In: Proceedings of the Institution of mechanical engineers. Part F, journal of rail and rapid transit, ISSN 0954-4097, Vol. 225, no F1, 71-83 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Whole-body vibrations in trains are known to affect the performance of sedentary activities such as reading, writing, sketching, working on a computer, etc. The objective of the study was to investigate the extent of disturbance perceived in sketching task by seated subjects in two postures under mono-and multi-axis Gaussian random vibration environment. The study involved 21 healthy male subjects in the age group of 23-32 years. Random vibrations were generated both in mono-and multi-axial directions in the frequency range of 1-10 Hz at 0.5, 1.0, and 1.5 m/s(2) rms (root mean square) amplitude. The subjects were required to sketch given geometric figures such as a circle, triangle, rectangle, and square with the help of ball-point pen under given vibration stimuli in two postures (sketch pad on lap and sketch pad on table). The deviation in distortion with respect to the given figure is represented in terms of percentage distortion. The influence of vibrations on the sketching activity was investigated both subjectively and by two specifically designed objective methods, namely, RMS (root mean square methodology) and area methods. The judgements of perceived difficulty to sketch were rated using seven-point semantic judgement scale. The percentage distortion and difficulty in sketching activity increased with an increase in vibration magnitude. Both subjective evaluation and the RMS method revealed that the task was affected more while sketching on the table. The percentage distortion was affected similarly and maximum in all the vibration directions except for the vertical, while sketching difficulty was found to be higher only with longitudinal and multi-axis vibration direction. The subjective evaluation also revealed that there was no effect of the type of entity chosen on the sketching difficulty.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 225, no F1, 71-83 p.
whole-body vibration, multi-axis random vibration, sedentary activities, distortion in sketching
Research subject Järnvägsgruppen - Fordonsteknik
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-30504DOI: 10.1243/09544097JRRT336ISI: 000286601900007ScopusID: 2-s2.0-79952912898OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-30504DiVA: diva2:404541
FunderTrenOp, Transport Research Environment with Novel Perspectives
QC 201103172011-03-172011-02-282012-06-12Bibliographically approved