Morphology and Magnetic Coupling in ZnO:Co and ZnO:Ni Co-Doped with Li
2011 (English)In: Acta Physica Polonica. A, ISSN 0587-4246, Vol. 119, no 2, 95-98 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Zn0.95Co0.05O and Zn0.97Ni0.03O nanorods, prepared by a solvothermal method, show intriguing morphology and magnetic properties when co-doped with Li. At low and moderate Li incorporation (below 10 and 3 at.% Li in the Co- and Ni-doped samples, respectively) the rod aspect ratio is increased and room temperature ferromagnetic properties are enhanced, whereas the ferromagnetic coupling in Zn0.97Ni0.03O is decreased for Li concentrations > 3 at.%. First-principles theoretical analyses demonstrate that Li co-doping has primarily two effect 3 in bulk Zn1-xMxO (with M = Co or Ni). First, the Li-on-Zn acceptors increase the local magnetic moment by depopulating the M 3d minority spin-states. The magnetic coupling is Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida-like both without and with Li co-doping. Second, Li-on-Zn prefer to be close to the M atoms to compensate the M-O bonds and to locally depopulate the 3d states, and this will help forming high aspect nanostructures. The observed room temperature ferromagnetism in Li co-doped Zn1-xMxO nanorods can therefore be explained by the better rod morphology in combination with ionizing the magnetic M atoms.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 119, no 2, 95-98 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-31028ISI: 000287288500002ScopusID: 2-s2.0-79751470665OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-31028DiVA: diva2:404726
QC 201103182011-03-182011-03-072011-03-18Bibliographically approved