Reducing Behavioural to Structural Properties of Programs with Procedures
2009 (English)In: VERIFICATION, MODEL CHECKING, AND ABSTRACT INTERPRETATION / [ed] Jones ND; MullerOlm M, 2009, Vol. 5403, 136-150 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
There is an intimate link between program structure and behaviour. Exploiting this link to phrase program correctness problems in terms of the structural properties of a program graph rather than in terms of its unfoldings is a useful strategy for making analyses more tractable. This paper presents a characterisation of behavioural program properties through sets of structural properties by means of a translation. The characterisation is given in the context of a program model based on control flow graphs of sequential programs with possibly recursive procedures, and properties expressed in a fragment of the modal mu-calculus with boxes and greatest fixed-points only. The property translation is based on a tableau construction that conceptually amounts to symbolic execution of the behavioural formula, collecting structural constraints along the way. By keeping track of the subformulae that have been examined, recursion in the structural constraints can be identified and captured by fixed-point formulae. The tableau construction terminates, and the characterisation is exact, i.e., the translation is sound and complete. A prototype implementation has been developed. We discuss several applications of the characterisation, in particular compositional verification for behavioural properties, based on maximal models.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 5403, 136-150 p.
, LECTURE NOTES IN COMPUTER SCIENCE, ISSN 0302-9743 ; 5403
Abstracting, Concurrency control, Model checking, Program interpreters, Program translators, Software prototyping, Translation (languages), Characterisation, Control flow graph (CFG), Program correctness, Program properties, Program structures, Prototype implementations, Recursion
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-31214DOI: 10.1007/978-3-540-93900-9_14ISI: 000264750800010ScopusID: 2-s2.0-58449092934ISBN: 978-3-540-93899-6OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-31214DiVA: diva2:406254
10th International Conference on Verification, Model Checking and Abstract Interpretation, Savannah, GA, JAN 18-20, 2009
QC 201103252011-03-252011-03-112011-03-25Bibliographically approved