Microwave heating causes rapid degradation of antioxidants in polypropylene packaging leading to greatly increased specific migration to food simulants as shown by ESI-MS and GC-MS
2011 (English)In: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, ISSN 0021-8561, E-ISSN 1520-5118, Vol. 59, no 10, 5418-5427 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Microwave heating of commercial microwavable polypropylene packaging in contact with fatty food simulants caused significant antioxidant degradation and increased specific migration as shown by electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Degradation of the antioxidants Irgafos 168 and Irganox 1010 was not detected during conventional heating of polypropylene packaging at the same temperature. The migration into aqueous food simulants was primarily restricted by the water solubility of the migrants. Using isooctane as fatty food simulant caused significant swelling and greatly enhanced overall migration values compared to the other fatty food simulant, 99.9% ethanol, or the aqueous food simulants 10% ethanol, 3% acetic acid, or water. ESI-MS spectra clearly reflected the overall migration values, and the number and amount of compounds detected decreased as the hydrophilicity of the food simulant increased. ESI-MS was shown to be an excellent tool for the analysis of semivolatile migrants and a good complement to GC-MS analysis of volatile migrants.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 59, no 10, 5418-5427 p.
polypropylene, antioxidants, migration, food simulant, degradation
Polymer Chemistry Polymer Technologies
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-32077DOI: 10.1021/jf1048639ISI: 000290691300033ScopusID: 2-s2.0-79957934168OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-32077DiVA: diva2:408570
QC 201106132011-04-052011-04-052012-05-30Bibliographically approved