Industrial manufactured silica nanoparticle sols. 2: Surface tension, particle concentration, foam generation and stability
2009 (English)In: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, ISSN 0927-7757, Vol. 337, no 1-3, 127-135 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Several earlier papers have revealed that several key parameters, such as hydrophobicity (contact angle), size, shape and degree of agglomeration, have an important influence on the behavior of particles at the air/water interface. However, the origin of foaming with particles is still not clear. In this article, we have tentatively related surface tension measurements and particle concentrations to the generation and stability of foam produced from industrial manufactured silica nanoparticle sols. Surprisingly, only slight reductions in surface tension were observed and the differences between the hydrophophilic and partially modified hydrophobic sols were small. However, in the case of the partially modified hydrophobic sol, the surface tension/concentration gradient was found to be pH and concentration responsive. Also, the greatest reduction in Surface tension was found to occur at low pH (in the region of the pH(pzc)) and could be related to the highest foamability (foam generation) as determined in our earlier publication [1. Blute, R.J. Pugh, J. van de Pas, I. Callaghan, Silica nanoparticle sols. 1. Surface chemical characterization and evaluation of the foam generation (foamability), J. Colloid Interface Sci. 313 (2007) 645-655]. Also, after centrifugation of the moderately hydrophobic modified concentrated sols, foaming tests carried out on the supernatant indicated that the particle concentration had a dominant influence on foamability and foam stability. Since only transient foams, with relatively short lifetimes, could be produced with these modified silica nanoparticles then (a) further surface modification or the reduction of pH to increase the Surface activity or (b) the addition of a cosurfactant Would be needed to increase the foamability and achieve foams with extended lifetimes.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 337, no 1-3, 127-135 p.
Foamability, Foams, Foam stability, Particle concentration, Silica nanoparticles, Surface tension
Other Basic Medicine
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-32154DOI: 10.1016/j.colsurfa.2008.12.009ISI: 000264085400020ScopusID: 2-s2.0-59349116793OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-32154DiVA: diva2:409219
QC 201104072011-04-072011-04-072011-04-07Bibliographically approved