On minimizing derailment risks and consequences for passenger trains at higher speeds
2009 (English)In: Proceedings of the Institution of mechanical engineers. Part F, journal of rail and rapid transit, ISSN 0954-4097, Vol. 223, no 6, 543-566 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The first part of this article deals with the possibility of preventing wheel climbing derailments after an axle journal failure by implementing mechanical restrictions between the wheelsets and the bogie. A multi-body system (MBS) computer model is developed to account for such an axle failure condition, which is successfully validated by comparing the pre-derailment sequence of events with two authentic cases. An extensive parameter analysis on the maximum vertical and longitudinal play between the wheelset and the bogie, required to prevent a highspeed power or trailer car to derail, is performed for various combinations of running conditions in curves. Once an actual derailment has Occurred on conventional passenger trains at 200 km/h, extensive MBS simulations are performed on the feasibility of utilizing alternative substitute guidance mechanisms, such as low-reaching parts of bogie frame, axle box, or brake disc, as means of minimizing the lateral deviation. Results are presented in terms of geometrical parameters that lead to a successful engagement with the rail for a total of 12 different derailment scenarios. These are caused by an axle journal failure, an impact with a small object on the track, or a high rail failure. Minimizing the lateral deviation is also investigated by means of restraining the maximum Coupler yaw angle and altering the bogie yaw stiffness. Time-domain simulations are also performed in terms of lateral track forces and derailment ratio when negotiating a tight horizontal 'S-curve'. Further, the articulated train concept is investigated in terms of the post-derailment vehicle behaviour after derailments on tangent and curved track at a speed of 200 km/h. In this respect, a trainset consisting of one power car and four articulated passenger trailer cars is modelled in the MBS software. Results in terms of lateral deviation and maximum carbody roll angle are presented as a function of different inter-carbody damper characteristics and running gear features. The feasibility of these damper characteristics is also tested in terms of lateral track forces and derailment ratio when negotiating a tight horizontal S-curve.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 223, no 6, 543-566 p.
railway, safety, derailment, guidance, lateral deviation, bogie, vehicle model, multi-body system simulation
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-32158DOI: 10.1243/09544097JRRT271ISI: 000272483300003ScopusID: 2-s2.0-70450197759OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-32158DiVA: diva2:409408
QC 201104082011-04-082011-04-072011-04-08Bibliographically approved