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Flow regimes and long-term water exchange of the Himmerfjarden estuary
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Land and Water Resources Engineering.
2009 (English)In: Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, ISSN 0272-7714, E-ISSN 1096-0015, Vol. 83, no 2, 159-174 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A numerical model of processes determining the water exchange encountered in Baltic coastal archipelagos is calibrated and validated against salinity and temperature field data spanning two decades with approximately bi-weekly resolution assessed in the Himmerfjärden estuary. This area is resolved into 17 basins interconnected by 38 individual straits of varying geometrical properties using GIS-based methods. All formulations of the strait exchange flows are free from parameters that need calibration and permit computations of the flow through a strait contraction with or without a coincident sill under a flow classification scheme, of which the first one (a) consists of two groups of multiple layers including aspirated layers from levels beneath the sill crest. The other regimes are as follows. (b) Pure barotropic flow; (c) rotationally controlled flow and (d) plug-flow, which serves as resort solution for flow situations that cannot be solved with (a) and also for computation of the barotropic part of the total flow. For long canals where friction effects act to reduce the flow, a fifth exchange regime is used. The vertical mixing formulation is based on energy balances between supplied wind energy and its work against buoyancy forces. The values of semi-empirical parameters involved in the mixing scheme have been established by calibration against measured data of the first decade period. A statistical evaluation is performed comparing the model results with the measurements of the second decade. It is found that the accuracy of the model is yet limited by the poor temporal resolution in the boundary and the thermal forcing. The overall accuracy of this approach is found to be comparable to earlier model studies in the same area. Since the exchange flows are now based on first principles and are applied to four times more basins, it seems that this more articulated model approach can confidently be applied to more complex archipelago areas.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 83, no 2, 159-174 p.
Keyword [en]
water exchange, estuary, flow regimes, hydraulic control, validation, Baltic Sea
National Category
Ecology Oceanography, Hydrology, Water Resources
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-32213DOI: 10.1016/j.ecss.2007.11.029ISI: 000266904700005ScopusID: 2-s2.0-67349122371OAI: diva2:409847
QC 20110411Available from: 2011-04-11 Created: 2011-04-11 Last updated: 2011-04-11Bibliographically approved

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Stenström, Petter
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