Pollutant dispersion in idealized city models with different urban morphologies
2009 (English)In: Atmospheric Environment, ISSN 1352-2310, Vol. 43, no 38, 6011-6025 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The mechanism of pollutant dispersion in idealized city models is investigated numerically by the introduction of a uniformly distributed pollutant source at street pedestrian level. We first study three short city forms with a single main street or two crossing streets, characterized by street length/street height ratios of L/H = 6 or 7 and a street height/street width ratio of H/W = 1, including a sharp-edged round city model, a smooth-edged round city model, and a sharp-edged square city model. For short city models with a single street and a parallel approaching wind, pollutant dilution mainly depends on the horizontal flow rate which decreases along the street. This decreasing rate is smallest for the smooth-edged round city model, which results in the lowest street concentrations. For city models with two crossing streets and the approaching wind parallel to the main street. the differences in overall city form result in different dispersion processes. For a sharp-edged round city model with two crossing streets, an approaching wind slightly non-parallel to the main street generates a lower pollutant concentration in the entire street volume. We also studied a sharp-edged round city model with one narrow street (L/H = 6: H/W = 6.7), finding that the uniformly distributed pollutants are transported from two street entries to the city centre, and are then removed out across the street roof. In contrast to the short city models we studied a single-street sharp-edged long rectangular city model (L/H = 21.7; H/W = 1) in which the horizontal flow rate remained nearly constant in a region far from the two entries. Within this region the turbulence across the street roof contributed more to the pollutant removal than vertical mean flows.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 43, no 38, 6011-6025 p.
Urban morphology, City form, CFD simulation, Pollutant dispersion
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences Other Environmental Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-32353DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2009.08.029ISI: 000272276000004ScopusID: 2-s2.0-71049178306OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-32353DiVA: diva2:410671
QC 201104142011-04-142011-04-132011-04-14Bibliographically approved