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PAMELA Measurements of Cosmic-Ray Proton and Helium Spectra
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2011 (English)In: Science, ISSN 0036-8075, E-ISSN 1095-9203, Vol. 332, no 6025, 69-72 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Protons and helium nuclei are the most abundant components of the cosmic radiation. Precise measurements of their fluxes are needed to understand the acceleration and subsequent propagation of cosmic rays in our Galaxy. We report precision measurements of the proton and helium spectra in the rigidity range 1 gigavolt to 1.2 teravolts performed by the satellite-borne experiment PAMELA (payload for antimatter matter exploration and light-nuclei astrophysics). We find that the spectral shapes of these two species are different and cannot be described well by a single power law. These data challenge the current paradigm of cosmic-ray acceleration in supernova remnants followed by diffusive propagation in the Galaxy. More complex processes of acceleration and propagation of cosmic rays are required to explain the spectral structures observed in our data.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 332, no 6025, 69-72 p.
Keyword [en]
SOLAR MODULATION, ACCELERATION, PROPAGATION, GALAXY, MATTER, WAVES, BESS
National Category
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-32598DOI: 10.1126/science.1199172ISI: 000289000000038Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-79953268948OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-32598DiVA: diva2:412076
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Note
QC 20110420Available from: 2011-04-20 Created: 2011-04-18 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved

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Pearce, Mark

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