Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE credits
Waste generation is a worrying topic nowadays. Basically, it is increasing year after year in most countries, making its burden on the environment expanding. Thus, European legislation sets guidelines and recommendations so that waste production decreases. One of them is based on the “polluter-payer” principle, where the responsibility for waste generation is directly given to the producer, whether they are industrial or household.
The Pay As You Throw scheme, also called Weight (or Volume) Billing Pricing, Unit Pricing,or Variable Rate, is based on that principle. Basically, it is a new type of waste management where people are charged for the waste their produce: it links the provided service for collection and treatment to the real use of it. It is an economic incentive that aims at making people more conscious of their load on the environment, unlike most of waste management plans, based on a tax.
In this report, this concept has been identified and explained, and some application examples have been taken from European countries, where this is already in use. However, the main focus of the thesis has been to consider the possible implementation of such a scheme in asemi-rural region of France, where nothing similar has been tested yet. Several factors were investigated: technical equipment to be used, social considerations, and economic characteristics. These three key directions gave the framework for the assessment of the viability of the project, and the probable actions to plan for its success.
Nevertheless, the provided results showed that it was quite difficult to say if the project would be worthwhile or not. The lack of significant data for the parameters, and the mitigated results do not give a clear answer to the question. It would be relevant, for that purpose, to make further studies, or to test the project during a short period of time. However, the Union incharge of municipal waste plans to do such a thing, which might allow them to state finally on the viability of the plan.
2009. , 40 p.
waste prevention, Pay As You Throw, project implementation framework, regional specificities, tourism