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Electronic structure of aromatic amino acids studied by soft x-ray spectroscopy
KTH, School of Biotechnology (BIO), Theoretical Chemistry.
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2009 (English)In: Journal of Chemical Physics, ISSN 0021-9606, E-ISSN 1089-7690, Vol. 131, no 3, 035103- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The electronic structure of phenylalanine, tyrosine, tryptophan, and 3-methylindole in the gas phase was investigated by x-ray photoemission spectroscopy (XPS) and near edge x-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) spectroscopy at the C, N, and O K-edges. The XPS spectra have been calculated for the four principal conformers of each amino acid, and the spectra weighted by the Boltzmann population ratios calculated from published free energies. Instead of the single peaks expected from the stoichiometry of the compounds, the N 1s core level spectra of phenylalanine and tryptophan show features indicating that more than one conformer is present. The calculations reproduce the experimental features. The C and O 1s spectra do not show evident effects due to conformational isomerism. The calculations predict that such effects are small for carbon, and for oxygen it appears that only broadening occurs. The carbon K-edge NEXAFS spectra of these aromatic amino acids are similar to the published data of the corresponding molecules in the solid state, but show more structure due to the higher resolution in the present study. The N K-edge spectra of tryptophan and 3-methylindole differ from phenylalanine and tyrosine, as the first two both contain a nitrogen atom located in a pyrrole ring. The nitrogen K-edge NEXAFS spectra of aromatic amino acids do not show any measurable effects due to conformational isomerism, in contrast to the photoemission results. Calculations support this result and show that variations of the vertical excitation energies of different conformers are small, and cannot be resolved in the present experiment. The O NEXAFS spectra of these three aromatic compounds are very similar to other, simpler amino acids, which have been studied previously.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 131, no 3, 035103- p.
Keyword [en]
core levels, electronic structure, EXAFS, isomerism, molecular biophysics, proteins, stoichiometry, XANES, X-ray photoelectron spectra
National Category
Natural Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-33145DOI: 10.1063/1.3168393ISI: 000268206800067OAI: diva2:413631
QC 20110429Available from: 2011-04-29 Created: 2011-04-29 Last updated: 2011-04-29Bibliographically approved

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Zhang, Wenhua
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