Ribosome display for selection and evolution of affibody molecules
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Affinity proteins are invaluable tools in biotechnological and medical applications. This thesis is about combinatorial protein engineering principles for the generation of novel affinity proteins to purify mouse immunoglobulin, detect a potential cancer marker protein or inhibit a cell proliferation pathway.
In a first study, ribosome display was for the first time applied to the selection of so-called affibody molecules, including the design of a ribosome display gene cassette, initial test enrichment experiments and the selection of binders against murine IgG1. One of the selected binders (ZMAB25) showed a highly selective binding profile to murine IgG1, which was exploited in the recovery of two different mouse monoclonal IgG1 antibodies from a bovine immunoglobulin-containing background. Ribosome display was further applied to the selection of affibody molecules binding to SATB1, a suggested marker protein for metastasizing adenocarcinoma. The study also included the selection of VHH antibody fragments from a naïve gene repertoire displayed on phage. Binders from both classes of protein scaffolds could be isolated that selectively recognized SATB1 but not its close homologue SATB2, and were used to detect endogenous SATB1 in Jurkat cells by immunofluorescence microscopy. The well-established phage display technology was used to select affibody molecules binding to H-Ras and Raf-1, both involved in the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway and playing a central role in the control of cell proliferation, survival and differentiation. An isolated affibody molecule denoted ZRAF322 was found to selectively bind to Raf-1 and inhibit the interaction between H-Ras and Raf-1 in vitro. In a continued effort, ribosome display was applied to the affinity maturation of the ZRAF322 variant in a novel approach, based on repetitive cycles of diversification by error-prone PCR of the entire affibody gene and ribosome display selection, mimicking the principles of natural evolution. The method involved a monitoring of the progress of evolution and variants of ZRAF322 with 13- to 26-fold improved affinities were obtained, that contained different combinations of single or double amino acid substitutions in either previously randomized or framework positions. Implications of the substitutions for binder stability and selectivity were also investigated, showing that a higher affinity could be associated with a lower thermal melting point and that affinity-improved variants showed uncompromised binding selectivity to the hRaf-1 target.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology , 2011. , xii, 99 p.
Trita-BIO-Report, ISSN 1654-2312 ; 2011:9
affibody, ribosome display, phage display, combinatorial protein engineering, library, murine IgG1, SATB1, Ras, Raf
Other Industrial Biotechnology
Research subject SRA - Molecular Bioscience
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-33191ISBN: 978-91-7415-952-3OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-33191DiVA: diva2:413896
2011-05-27, Fr4, AlbaNova University Center, Roslagstullsbacken 21, B3, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Taussig, Mike, Dr.
Nygren, Per-Åke, Professor
QC 201105062011-05-062011-04-292011-05-06Bibliographically approved
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