Theoretical studies on photophysics and photochemistry of DNA
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Theoretical studies on biological systems like nucleic acid and protein have been widely developed in the past 50 years and will continue to be a topic of interest in forefronts of natural science. In addition to experimental science, computational modeling can give useful information and help us to understand biochemical issues at molecular, atomic and even electronic levels.
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), the hereditary basis of life’s genetic identity, has always been major topic of discussions since its structure was built in 1953. However, harmful UV radiation from sunlight can make damage to DNA molecules and eventually give rise to DNA damaging biological consequences, like mutagenesis, carcinogenesis, and cell death. Photostability, photodamage, and photorepair are of vital importance in the photophysics and photochemistry of DNA. In this thesis, we have applied high level computer-aided theoretical methods to explore the underlying mechanisms for these three critical issues of DNA. Special attentions are paid to the following aspects: the properties of the excited states, the design of relevant computational models and the effects of biological environments.
We have systematically studied the excited state properties of DNA from single base to base pair and oligonucleotides, where the concerted base pairing and base stacking effects was found to play important roles in DNA photostability. The UV-light induced isomerization mechanism between two photoproducts of DNA photodamage has been revealed in different biological environments. In association with DNA photodamage, the related photorepair processes have been proposed for different lesions in photolyase which is a catalytic enzyme for DNA, and the calculated results well explained the experimental observations. In particular, the internal and external properties of flavin cofactors have been extensively studied by combining the electronic structure and spectroscopic calculations. We have examined the effects of the intramolecular hydrogen bond on spectroscopic properties of flavins. The good agreements with the experimental spectra indicated that the biological self-regulation acted critical role in these biological systems.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology , 2010. , 76 p.
Trita-BIO-Report, ISSN 1654-2312 ; 2011:15
Research subject SRA - Molecular Bioscience
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-33531ISBN: 978-91-7415-977-6OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-33531DiVA: diva2:416168
2011-06-14, FA32, AlbaNova University Center, Roslagstullsbacken 21,, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Blancafort, Lluís, Professor
Luo, Yi, Professor
QC 201105302011-05-302011-05-092011-05-30Bibliographically approved
List of papers