Improving bending stiffness of tensegrity booms
2012 (English)In: International Journal of Space Structures, ISSN 0956-0599, Vol. 27, no 2-3, 117-129 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
There is a high interest in employing lightweight, low-cost, deployable structures for space missions. Utilization of tensegrity structures in space application is limited, due to their low stiffness, while a number of high stiffness-to-mass truss booms have been launched. This paper aims to describe and improve the bending stiffness of tensegrity booms. Tensegrity booms of Snelson and triangular prism type are selected for the study. These structures are excellent samples of class 1 tensegrities, with a single state of self-stress and one mechanism, and class 2 tensegrities, with multiple states of self-stress and mechanisms. The stiffness modification procedure includes three steps: (Step 1) developing a strategy for a fair comparison of tensegrity booms with a high performance truss boom. A genetic algorithm is employed to find the optimum cross-section areas of the boom elements. Sources of low stiffness of tensegrities are discussed. (Step 2) an effort is made to find the optimum placement of actuators for improving the stiffness of the tensegrity booms. (Step 3) a genetic algorithm is utilized to calculate their optimum actuation. All three stages have been performed based on a link between non-linear finite element analysis and a genetic algorithm. The genetic algorithm shows high accuracy of searching non-structural space, and also dealing with above steps. Results indicate that the stiffness of tensegrity booms is highly improved by activating the structures.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 27, no 2-3, 117-129 p.
active structure, boom, finite element analysis, flexibility analysis, genetic algorithm, optimization, stiffness, tensegrity
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-34038DOI: 10.1260/0266-3511.27.2-3.117ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84863524872OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-34038DiVA: diva2:418852
QC 20120810. Updated from manuscript to article in journal.2011-05-242011-05-242012-09-04Bibliographically approved