Effect of γ-radiation on Radionuclide Retention in Compacted Bentonite
2011 (English)In: Radiation Physics and Chemistry, ISSN 0969-806X, Vol. 80, no 12, 1371-1377 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Compacted bentonite is proposed as an engineered barrier in many concepts for disposal of high level nuclear waste. After the initial deposition however, the bentonite barrier will inevitably be exposed to ionizing radiation (mainly gamma) under anoxic conditions. Because of this, the effects of gamma-radiation on the apparent diffusivity values and sorption coefficients in bentonite for Cs(+) and Co(2+) were tested under different experimental conditions. Radiation induced effects on sorption were in general more noticeable for Co(2+) than for Cs(+), which generally showed no significant differences between irradiated and unirradiated clay samples. For Co(2+) however, the sorption to irradiated MX80 was significantly lower than to the unirradiated clay samples regardless of the experimental conditions. This implies that gamma-radiation may alter the surface characteristics contributing to surface complexation of Co(2+). With the experimental conditions used, however, the effect of decreasing sorption was not large enough to be reflected on the obtained D. values.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 80, no 12, 1371-1377 p.
Diffusion, Sorption, Bentonite, Humics, Radionuclides, K(d)
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-34045DOI: 10.1016/j.radphyschem.2011.08.004ISI: 000295665100013ScopusID: 2-s2.0-80052968030OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-34045DiVA: diva2:418866
QC 20111107 Updated from submitted to published.2011-06-082011-05-242015-02-13Bibliographically approved