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Network modeling of the transcriptional effects of copy number aberrations in glioblastoma
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2011 (English)In: Molecular Systems Biology, ISSN 1744-4292, Vol. 7, 486- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

DNA copy number aberrations (CNAs) are a hallmark of cancer genomes. However, little is known about how such changes affect global gene expression. We develop a modeling framework, EPoC (Endogenous Perturbation analysis of Cancer), to (1) detect disease-driving CNAs and their effect on target mRNA expression, and to (2) stratify cancer patients into long-and short-term survivors. Our method constructs causal network models of gene expression by combining genome-wide DNA-and RNA-level data. Prognostic scores are obtained from a singular value decomposition of the networks. By applying EPoC to glioblastoma data from The Cancer Genome Atlas consortium, we demonstrate that the resulting network models contain known disease-relevant hub genes, reveal interesting candidate hubs, and uncover predictors of patient survival. Targeted validations in four glioblastoma cell lines support selected predictions, and implicate the p53-interacting protein Necdin in suppressing glioblastoma cell growth. We conclude that large-scale network modeling of the effects of CNAs on gene expression may provide insights into the biology of human cancer. Free software in MATLAB and R is provided.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 7, 486- p.
Keyword [en]
Cancer biology, cancer genomics, glioblastoma
National Category
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-33963DOI: 10.1038/msb.2011.17ISI: 000290411600004ScopusID: 2-s2.0-79955562657OAI: diva2:420154
QC 20110531Available from: 2011-05-31 Created: 2011-05-23 Last updated: 2011-05-31Bibliographically approved

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