Analysis of the reactivity coefficients of the advanced high-temperature reactor for plutonium and uranium fuels
2008 (English)In: Annals of Nuclear Energy, ISSN 0306-4549, E-ISSN 1873-2100, Vol. 35, no 5, 904-916 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The conceptual design of the advanced high-temperature reactor (AHTR) has recently been proposed by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, with the intention to provide and alternative energy source for very high temperature applications. In the present study, we focused on the analyses of the reactivity coefficients of the AHTR core fueled with two types of fuel: enriched uranium and plutonium from the reprocessing of light water reactors irradiated fuel. More precisely, we investigated the influence of the outer graphite reflectors on the multiplication factor of the core, the fuel and moderator temperature reactivity coefficients and the void reactivity coefficient for five different molten salts: NaF, BeF2, LiF, ZrF4 and Li2BeF4 eutectic. In order to better illustrate the behavior of the previous parameters for different core configurations, we evaluated the moderating ratio of the molten salts and the absorption rate of the key fuel nuclides, which, of course, are driven by the neutron spectrum. The results show that the fuel and moderator temperature reactivity coefficients are always negative, whereas the void reactivity coefficient can be set negative provided that the fuel to moderator ratio is optimized (the core is undermoderated) and the moderating ratio of the coolant is large.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 35, no 5, 904-916 p.
Light water reactors, Moderators, Nuclear fuel accounting, Nuclear fuel reprocessing, Plutonium compounds, Reactivity (nuclear), Uranium compounds, Advanced high temperature reactors, Graphite reflectors, Reactivity coefficients, Uranium fuels
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-34302DOI: 10.1016/j.anucene.2007.09.003ISI: 000255791500015ScopusID: 2-s2.0-41749111385OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-34302DiVA: diva2:420468
QC 201106012011-06-012011-06-012012-10-04Bibliographically approved