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Manufacturing methods for (U-Zr)N-fuels
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics.
2011 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

In this work a manufacturing method for UN, ZrN and (U,Zr)N pellets was established at the nuclear fuel laboratory at KTH Stockholm/Sweden, which consists of the production of nitride powders and their sintering into pellets by spark plasma sintering.

The nitride powders were produced by the hydriding-nitriding route using pure metal as starting material. This synthesis was performed in a stream of the particular reaction gas. A synthesis control and monitoring system was developed, which can follow the reactions in real time by measuring the gas flow difference before and after the reaction chamber. With the help of this system the hydriding and nitriding reactions of uranium and zirconium were studied in detail. Fine nitride powders were obtained; however, the production of zirconium nitride involved one milling step of the brittle zirconium hydride.

Additionally uranium and zirconium alloys with different zirconium contents were produced and synthesized to nitride powders. It was found that also the alloys could be reduced to fine powder, but only by cyclic hydriding-dehydriding.

Pellets were sintered out of uranium nitrides, zirconium nitrides, mixed nitrides and alloy nitrides. These experiments showed that relative densities of more than 90% can easily be achieved for all those powders. Pellets sintered from mechanically mixed nitride powders were found to still consist of two separate nitride phases, while nitride produced from alloy was demonstrated to be a monophasic solid solution both as powder and as sintered pellets.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 80 p.
Trita-FYS, ISSN 0280-316X ; 2011:32
Keyword [en]
nuclear fuel, nitride fuel, uranium nitride, zirconium nitride, spark plasma sintering, solid solution, reaction kinetics, hydriding, nitriding, denitriding, uranium hydride, zirconium hydride, uranium zirconium alloy
National Category
Subatomic Physics
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-35249ISRN: --11:32--SEOAI: diva2:426250
Educational program
Master of Science in Engineering -Engineering Physics
2011-06-23, FA31, AlbaNova University Centre, Stockholm, 03:18 (English)
Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics
Available from: 2011-08-11 Created: 2011-06-23 Last updated: 2011-10-25Bibliographically approved

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