Novel postetch process to realize high quality photonic crystals in InP
2011 (English)In: Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology B, ISSN 1071-1023, E-ISSN 1520-8567, Vol. 29, no 3, 031202- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Thermally driven reflow of material during annealing was positively used to obtain near-vertical sidewall profiles for high-aspect-ratio nanostructures in InP fabricated by dry etching. This is very promising for achieving high optical quality in photonic crystal (PhC) components. Nearly cylindrical profiles were obtained for high-aspect-ratio PhC holes with diameters as small as 200350 nm. Mini stop bands (MSBs) in line-defect PhC waveguides were experimentally investigated for both as-etched and reshaped hole geometries, and their spectral characteristics were used to assess the quality of PhC fabrication. The spectral characteristics of the MSB in PhC waveguides with reshaped holes showed significant improvement in performance with a transmission dip as deep as 35 dB with sharp edges dropping in intensity more than 30 dB for similar to 4 nm of wavelength change. These results show potential for using high extinction drop-filters in InP-based monolithic photonic integrated circuit applications. Finally, it is proposed that other nanostructure geometries may also benefit from this reshaping process.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 29, no 3, 031202- p.
MINI-STOP-BAND; WAVE-GUIDES; SLOW-LIGHT; LASER; FABRICATION
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-35123DOI: 10.1116/1.3574760ISI: 000291111300007ScopusID: 2-s2.0-79958096444OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-35123DiVA: diva2:426497
QC 201106232011-06-232011-06-202012-08-31Bibliographically approved