Experimental characterization of the effective particle diameter of a particulate bed packed with multi-diameter spheres
2011 (English)In: Nuclear Engineering and Design, ISSN 0029-5493, E-ISSN 1872-759X, Vol. 241, no 5, 1736-1745 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This paper is concerned with uncertainty reduction in coolability analysis of a debris bed formed in fuel coolant interactions (FCI) during a postulated severe accident of LWRs. A test facility named POMECO-FL was designed and set up to investigate the friction laws of adiabatic single and two-phase flow through particulate beds which have the characteristics of the prototypical debris bed, such as packed with particles of multiple sizes or irregular shapes. The emphasis of the present study is placed on quantification of effective particle diameter of a particulate bed composed of multi-diameter spheres. Pressure drops are measured for water/air flow through the particulate beds packed with various combinations of spheres, and the effective particle diameters of the beds are obtained based on the pressure gradients and the Ergun equation. The results show that at low flowrate (Re < 7) the effective particle diameters can be represented by the area mean diameters of the particles in the beds, while at high velocity (Re > 7)the effective particle diameters are closer to the length mean diameters. If the area mean diameters are chosen as the effective particle diameters, the frictional pressure drops of two-phase flow in the beds can be predicted by the Reed model with good agreements.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 241, no 5, 1736-1745 p.
2-PHASE FLOW; POROUS-MEDIA; DEBRIS BEDS; DRYOUT; MODEL; COOLABILITY; SINGLE
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-35119DOI: 10.1016/j.nucengdes.2011.03.013ISI: 000291126000048ScopusID: 2-s2.0-79955029848OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-35119DiVA: diva2:426547
QC 201106232011-06-232011-06-202011-06-23Bibliographically approved