Possibilities for designers to reduce the risk of work injury in the production phase of a building project
2010 (English)In: On the Road to Vision Zero?: Construction, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
(71) Possibilities for designers to reduce the risk of work injury in the production phase of a building project. Lena Almén, Tore J Larsson, (School of Technology and Health, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Sweden) Work related injuries and diseases are more frequent among construction workers than the labour market in average. Thus, there is a need of more preventive work during the design and planning phase. Two building projects, both productions of new apartment buildings with a design and construct contractor, were studied. Unsafe conditions were identified by workers and managers at the construction sites. The unsafe conditions were presented to the designers and planners. They were asked to describe the correlated decisions during the design and planning phase; when they were taken, why and by whom.
Influence from outside the company was related to the clients, the town planning department, laws, a trade association and to the design of building products. The managers at the construction sites did not get any information, from the designers and planners, of what occupational risks there were in any of the projects. The routines for how to identify and handle hazards in the designing and planning phase were not sufficient. Furthermore, the designers explained, that they did not have enough competence in construction methods to be able to foresee occupational consequences at the construction sites when they designed rare constructions. The designers and planners did not follow up occupational risks at any of the construction sites. In order to get a safer working environment at construction sites, the top managers in the building companies need to define the acceptable safety level and put the safety issue on the agenda for all employees in the company, along with quality, costs and time schedule. Safety need to be communicated with those outside the company who have an influence on the working environment, and included in contracts with consultants, subcontractors and suppliers.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Building, Construction, Design, Planning, Work Injury, Safety Management
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-35519OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-35519DiVA: diva2:428930
5th International Conference Working On Safety, 7-10 sept 2010, Röros, Norway
QC 201110112011-07-012011-07-012011-10-11Bibliographically approved