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Combustion characteristics of steam-exploded biomass pellets
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Energy and Furnace Technology.
2011 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Currently pelletized woody biomass is widely used as a fuel in thermal applications toaccelerate the global transition to renewable energy. Fuel upgrade is one of the key factorsto improve energy conversion processes. Woody biomass can be fractionated into its mainconstituents by steam explosion. Steam-exploded biomass exhibits enhanced heating valueand improves pellet durability. Moreover, there is a significant deviation in thermochemicalbehavior of steam exploded (steam-treated) biomass with respect to the raw material duringpyrolysis.

This thesis work concerned combustion characteristics of steam-exploded salix. The steamtreatedmaterial was pelletized and combusted under 21% of oxygen with varying thereactor temperature from 500 to 900°C to study the influence of both surrounding andpretreatment conditions during combustion process. The impact of different pretreatmentseverity factors (Ro) on burning behavior was evaluated: mild (205°C-6min, Ro=3.87),intermediate (205°C-12min, Ro=4.17) and severe (228°C-12min, Ro=4.84). Heterogeneousand homogenous ignition mechanisms were observed, which were dependent on the reactortemperature. The ignition time and devolatilization duration were observed independent onpretreatment severity near 900°C, and slightly influenced near 500°C. Enhanceddevolatilization rate was detected with the increment of Ro from 3.87 to 4.17, whilst themost severe pretreatment conditions (Ro=4.84) weakened biomass reactivity duringdevolatilization. Finally, char reactivity was lowered as a result of the increment ofpretreatment severity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 53 p.
Keyword [en]
biomass combustion, pretreatment, steam-exploded pellets
National Category
Other Materials Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-36199ISRN: KTH/MSE--11/23--SE+ENERGY/EXOAI: diva2:430422
Subject / course
Energy and Furnace Technology
Educational program
Master of Science in Engineering - Materials Design and Engineering
2011-06-21, Marie Curie room, KTH Library, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Available from: 2011-11-21 Created: 2011-07-08 Last updated: 2011-11-21Bibliographically approved

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