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The Viability of Jatropha Biodiesel Production in Zambia
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology.
2011 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

A study of the viability of jatropha biodiesel is presented. It is found that at a crude oil price of US$ 72 per barrel, the ex-refinery cost of a litre of diesel is US$ 0.91 per litre while that of biodiesel is US$ 1.42. Thus a subsidy of US$ 0.51 per litre is needed to make jatropha biodiesel cost competitive with its fossil counterpart.  Such a subsidy poses a threat to national food security as farmers may be induced to abandon the production of food crops in favour of that of jatropha biodiesel. If jatropha diesel is produced without the benefit of fossil fuel, it gives a net yield of only 3 l/ha. At that effective yield, Zambia needs 57 percent (17.2 million km2) of Africa’s total land area in order to produce enough biodiesel to satisfy her annual consumption when the oil runs out. A planet with a total land area 1,100 bigger (about 164 billion km2) than that of the Earth would be needed to grow enough jatropha to replace the present global consumption of crude oil.  It seems clear therefore that biodiesel production from jatropha is not feasible.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011.
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-36306OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-36306DiVA: diva2:430644
Subject / course
Thermal Engineering
Educational program
Master of Science - Sustainable Energy Engineering
Presentation
2011-06-07, Seminar Room, Department of Physics, University of Zambia, P. O. Box 32379, Great East Road, 10101, Lusaka, 14:53 (English)
Uppsok
Technology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2011-07-12 Created: 2011-07-11 Last updated: 2011-07-12Bibliographically approved

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