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Computational stress-deformation analysis of arterial walls including high-pressure response
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Solid Mechanics (Dept.).
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Solid Mechanics (Dept.).
2007 (English)In: International Journal of Cardiology, ISSN 0167-5273, E-ISSN 1874-1754, Vol. 116, no 1, 78-85 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Changes in the mechanical behavior of arteries after balloon angioplasty cause cell reactions that may be responsible for restenosis. Hence, the study of the stress-deforination changes in arterial walls following supraphysiological tissue loading is an essential task. Methods: A normal LAD coronary artery was modeled and computationally analyzed as a two-layer, thick-walled, anisotropic and inelastic circular tube including residual strains. Each layer was treated as a fibre-matrix composite. The tube was subjected to an axial stretch of 1. 1 and a transmural pressure of 750 min Hg. Since overstretch of rerrmant non-diseased tissue in lesions is a primary mechanism of lumen enlargement this model approach represents a reasonable first step. Results: At physiological loading, the residual stresses led to a significant reduction of the high circumferential stress values at the inner wall, and the stress gradients. At low pressure level the media was the mechanically relevant layer, while at supraphysiological loading, the adventitia was the predominant load-carrying constituent providing a stiff support for 'redistribution' of soft plaque components by means of radial compression. After unloading to physiological loading conditions the stress state in the arterial wall differed significantly from that before inflation; the stress gradient in the media even changed its sign. Complete unloading indicated lumen enlargement, material softening and energy dissipation, which is in agreement with experimental studies. Conclusions: This method may be useful to improve interventional protocols for reducing the dilatational trauma, and thereby the adverse biological reaction in arterial walls following balloon angioplasty.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 116, no 1, 78-85 p.
Keyword [en]
angioplasty, arterial wall mechanics, arteries, high-pressure response, soft tissue
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-37038DOI: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2006.03.033ISI: 000245335500013PubMedID: 16822562ScopusID: 2-s2.0-33846870783OAI: diva2:431873
Available from: 2011-07-26 Created: 2011-07-26 Last updated: 2011-07-26Bibliographically approved

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Holzapfel, Gerhard A.Gasser, Thomas Christian
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