Theoretical study of neutral and reduced hexacyanobutadiene
2007 (English)In: Journal of Molecular Structure: THEOCHEM, ISSN 0166-1280, Vol. 804, no 1-3, 111-116 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The molecular structure and the electronic densities of neutral and anionic hexacyanobutadiene (HCBD), trans-C-4(CN)(6), as well as the electron affinity (EA) of HCBD have been studied using density functional theory (DFT) and perturbation theory (MP2) procedures. The optimized geometries showed that the HCBD molecule is not planar, with a 140 degrees torsion angle about the central C-C bond. While the optimized geometries are not very sensitive to the choice of either the method or the basis set, the adiabatic electron affinity varies significantly with both. All the DFT computed electron affinities overestimate the experimental value, the best results being obtained with the BLYP functional, whereas the MP2 calculations heavily underestimate it. At the NIP2 level, the EA value obtained after projecting out the major spin contaminating component (PMP2) is a good estimate of the EA, within 0.11 eV of the experiment. Although other studies suggested that single-point PMP2 calculations over DFT-optimized geometries could be a valuable alternative for the study of larger systems at low computational effort, our results indicate that this approach can increase the spin contamination and should be used with caution.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 804, no 1-3, 111-116 p.
density functional theory, second order perturbation theory, adiabatic electron affinity, electronic structure, diffuse basis set, spin contamination, electron acceptor, molecular magnet, charge transfer salt
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-37110DOI: 10.1016/j.theochem.2006.10.005ISI: 000244507300017ScopusID: 2-s2.0-33846594307OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-37110DiVA: diva2:432134