Chemical Interactions of Alumina-Carbon Refractories with Molten Steel at 1823 K (1550 degrees C): Implications for Refractory Degradation and Steel Quality
2011 (English)In: Metallurgical and materials transactions. B, process metallurgy and materials processing science, ISSN 1073-5615, E-ISSN 1543-1916, Vol. 42, no 4, 677-684 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A sessile-drop study was carried out on Al(2)O(3)-10 pct C refractory substrates in contact with molten iron to investigate possible chemical reactions in the system and to determine the influence of carbon and the role, if any, played by the presence of molten iron that can act both as a reducing agent and as a metallic solvent. These investigations were carried out at 1823 K (1550 A degrees C) in argon atmosphere for times ranging between 15 minutes and 3 hours. We report the occurrence of chemical reactions in the Al(2)O(3)-10 pct C/Fe system, associated generation of CO gas, and carbon pickup by molten iron. Video images of the iron droplet started to show minor deviations after 30 minutes of contact followed by intense activity in the form of fine aluminum oxide whiskers emanating from the droplet and on the refractory substrate. The interfacial region also changed significantly over time, and the formation of small quantities of iron aluminide intermetallics was recorded after 30 minutes as a reaction product in the interfacial region. These chemical reactions also caused extensive penetration of molten iron into the refractory substrate. This study has shown that alumina cannot be treated as chemically inert at steelmaking temperatures when both carbon and molten iron are present simultaneously. These findings point to an additional reaction pathway during steelmaking that could have significant implications for refractory degradation and contamination of steel with reaction products.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 42, no 4, 677-684 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-37147DOI: 10.1007/s11663-011-9520-7ISI: 000292746900005ScopusID: 2-s2.0-80054944422OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-37147DiVA: diva2:432380