Male bumble bee pheromonal components in the scent of deceit pollinated orchids; unrecognized pollinator cues?
2007 (English)In: Arthropod-Plant Interactions, ISSN 1872-8855, Vol. 1, no 3, 137-145 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The pollination of the non-rewarding Orchis pauciflora was studied. The most abundant visitors of O. pauciflora were B. terrestris queens. The fragrance of O. pauciflora inflorescence was dominated by a sesquiterpene (E)-beta-farnesene. (E,E)-alpha-Farnesene, (E)-2,3-dihydrofarnesol, geranylcitronellol, and the monoterpenes limonene and 1,8-cineol were found among less abundant constituents. The sesqui- and diterpenes detected in O. pauciflora fragrance are frequent constituents of male marking pheromones of many bumble bee species. Enantioselective analysis of O. pauciflora scent and B. terrestris male marking pheromone revealed the presence of the (S)-isomer of (E)-2,3-dihydrofarnesol in both samples, and electrophysiological experiments showed that mainly the (S)-isomer activated the antennal receptors. In field experiments, O. pauciflora inflorescences were enriched with the main compound (E)-beta-farnesene resulting in significantly increased pollinia export. We here discuss the chemical similarities between orchid and bumble bees and whether the presence of bumble bee male pheromone components in O. pauciflora fragrance increases its fitness.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 1, no 3, 137-145 p.
Bombus, (S)-(-)-2, 3-dihydrofarnesol, Electroantennography, Enantioselective GC, (E)-beta-farnesene, Flower scent, Male fitness, Marking pheromone, Orchis
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-37293DOI: 10.1007/s11829-007-9019-yISI: 000260960900001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-37293DiVA: diva2:432916