Coexistence of 1D and Quasi-0D Photoluminescence from Single Silicon Nanowires
2011 (English)In: Nano letters (Print), ISSN 1530-6984, E-ISSN 1530-6992, Vol. 11, no 7, 3003-3009 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Single silicon nanowires (Si-NWs) prepared by electron-beam lithography and reactive-ion etching are investigated by imaging optical spectroscopy under variable temperatures and laser pumping intensities. Spectral images of individual Si-NWs reveal a large variability of photoluminescence (PL) along a single Si-NW. The weaker broad emission band asymmetrically extended to the high-energy side is interpreted to be due to recombination of quasi-free 1D excitons while the brighter localized emission features (with significantly variable peak position, width, and shape) are due to localization of electron hole pairs in surface protrusions acting like quasi-0D centers or quantum dots (QDs). Correlated PL and scanning electron microscopy images indicate that the efficiently emitting QDs are located at the Si-NW interface with completely oxidized neck of the initial Si wall. Theoretical fitting of the delocalized PL emission band explains its broad asymmetrical band to be due to the Gaussian size distribution of the Si-NW diameter and reveals also the presence of recombination from the Si-NW excited state which can facilitate a fast capture of excitons into QD centers.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Chemical Society (ACS), 2011. Vol. 11, no 7, 3003-3009 p.
Nanowire, quantum dot, silicon, luminescence, exciton
Other Physics Topics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-37270DOI: 10.1021/nl2016109ISI: 000292849400075ScopusID: 2-s2.0-79960239636OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-37270DiVA: diva2:433219
FunderSwedish Research Council
QC 201108092012-03-212011-08-082012-09-20Bibliographically approved