The crisis of contemporary science
2006 (English)In: Kybernetes, ISSN 0368-492X, Vol. 35, no 3-4, 497-521 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Purpose - To present a new approach to scientific thinking (paradigm) that avoids the shortcomings and inconsistencies of the prevailing Newtonian approach. Design/methodology/approach - The signs of a science in crisis are reviewed and some of its shortcomings are compiled and connected to some misleading fundamental assumptions of the reigning paradigm of science. Calls attention to a current fundamental misunderstanding of the human capacity of observation - especially the negligence of the conceptual feedback loops of the human mind that make up the core of human learning capacity. Findings - When using a subject-oriented approach (SOA) to science, which takes off from the individual knowing the subject (methodological solipsism), it is possible to consistently construct a knower's science where all today's misleading assumptions can be successfully removed. This effort results in an abstract constructivist epistemology, where the reversed cause-effect chain severely upsets the classically trained mind - especially in natural science. Research limitations/implications - There is a great deal of work left to examine the soundness of these ideas and pave the way for such a profound re-orientation of traditional science that as a first step will be concerned with elucidating and explicating a wide range of problems and concerns in set and decision theory, logic, and mathematics. This is essentially to launch a research programme in these areas that as a next step includes all natural and social sciences that will appear in a new light when viewed from a first person, SOA. Practical implications - There is no other way for science to evade the prevailing crisis but to involve, in its very Kuhnian sense, a radical change of paradigm. In this view, the realist confusion, which is responsible for the genesis of Cartesian dualism and a row of other inconsistencies met with intoday's science, will slowly vanish, as will the embarrassing gulf between the natural and social sciences as well as humanism. This new "world-view" that seems radical to the scientist will appear natural to the everyday man - but its impact on human culture will be monumental. Originality/value - The SOA to science is based on a reversed cause-effect thinking that will have a heavy influence on the way people think about the world and is accordingly a concern of all human beings as well as each researcher - of whatever of discipline.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 35, no 3-4, 497-521 p.
sciences, object-oriented programming, sociocybernetics
Computer and Information Science Philosophy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-37501DOI: 10.1108/03684920610653773ISI: 000238081100018ScopusID: 2-s2.0-33646593517OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-37501DiVA: diva2:434086
QC 201108122011-08-122011-08-122011-08-12Bibliographically approved