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Remarks on the passivation of reduced Cu-, Ni-, Fe-, Co-based catalysts
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemical Engineering and Technology.
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2006 (English)In: Catalysis Letters, ISSN 1011-372X, E-ISSN 1572-879X, Vol. 110, no 3-4, 211-220 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Catalysts containing metals such as Cu, Ni, Fe, Co in their reduced state are often subjected to passivation procedures prior to characterization. Passivation with N2O or O-2 to create a protective oxide layer also results in a certain degree of sub-surface oxidation. The heat released during oxidation is a critical parameter. The extent of bulk oxidation depends on the type of oxidant as well as on the size of the metal particles, as shown for copper catalysts. The final, meta-stable passivation layer requires a certain thickness to sustain exposure to ambient atmosphere. The encapsulation of metal particles in carbon is an efficient method for preserving the metallic state, as demonstrated for metallic nickel and iron with carbon nanofibers. The use of passivated samples for characterization of the active, i.e., reduced, catalyst has limited value.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 110, no 3-4, 211-220 p.
Keyword [en]
passivation, encapsulation, reduced metals, Cu, Ni, Fe, Co, surface and bulk oxidation, O-2, N2O, CO2, carbon
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-37586DOI: 10.1007/s10562-006-0111-1ISI: 000239813800007Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-33747309724OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-37586DiVA: diva2:434332
Available from: 2011-08-15 Created: 2011-08-15 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved

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