Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer in the Ladle during Teeming
2011 (English)In: Steel Research International, ISSN 1611-3683, Vol. 82, no 7, 827-835 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A two dimensional axisymmetric model was developed to predict the heat flux in a steelmaking ladle during the teeming process. The model predicts dynamically the flow fields in both liquid phase and gas phase along with the movement of the liquid upper surface. The model also predicts the temperature distributions in the liquid metal, gas phase and all layers in the ladle wall. Industrial measurements using infrared radiation camera inside the ladle after teeming and at the wall outside the ladle during the whole process were carried out. The model predictions were found to be in agreement with the measured data. It was found that the heat transfer to the surrounding atmosphere and the conductivity of the highly insulating layer were the most important factors for the heat loss. The decrease of the thickness of the working lining was found to have limited effect on the total heat flux.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 82, no 7, 827-835 p.
fluid flow, heat transfer, refractory, steelmaking ladle, teeming
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-37548DOI: 10.1002/srin.201000270ISI: 000293266600010ScopusID: 2-s2.0-79959952664OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-37548DiVA: diva2:434685
QC 201108162011-08-162011-08-152012-10-10Bibliographically approved