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On the hydrolysis of the tetravalent uranium ion U4+
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2006 (English)In: Journal of Solution Chemistry, ISSN 0095-9782, E-ISSN 1572-8927, Vol. 35, no 7, 927-937 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The formation of the hydrolytic complexes of U(IV) has been investigated at 25.00 degrees C by measuring the Emf of a cell containing inert metal sponge and glass electrodes, in 3 aqueous NaClO4 solutions containing both U(VI) and U(IV) at acidities ranging between 10(-0.5) and 10(-1.8) The lower limit of acidity is imposed by the precipitation of the sparingly soluble oxides of U(IV) whereas the upper limit has been chosen in order to avoid large corrections for the liquid junction potential. The experimental data have been treated using classical graphical methods (Rossotti, R.J.C., Rossotti, H.: The Determination of Stability Constants. McGraw Hill Book Company, Inc. New York (196 1)) and by the computerized least-squares program LETAGROP-ETITR (Sillen, L.G., Warnqvist, B.: Arkiv for Kemi. 31, 315-39 (1969)). The results can be explained by assuming the formation of two mononuclear complexes, U(OH)(3+) and U(OH)(4)(0). The obtained formation constants in the 3 NaClO4 ionic medium are: log(10)*beta(1) = -1.62 +/- 0.02 and log(10)*beta(4) = -7.70 +/- 0.04. The formal standard potential *E-6,E-4 for the couple UO22+/U4+ at the same conditions is 335.7 +/- 0.5 mV.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 35, no 7, 927-937 p.
Keyword [en]
uranium, hydrolysis, sponge electrodes, thermodynamic parameters, SIT, speciation
National Category
Chemical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-37627DOI: 10.1007/s10953-006-9037-xISI: 000239600600001ScopusID: 2-s2.0-33746665848OAI: diva2:434767
QC 20110816Available from: 2011-08-16 Created: 2011-08-15 Last updated: 2011-08-16Bibliographically approved

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