Heat transfer from a cylinder in axial turbulent flows
2005 (English)In: International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, ISSN 0017-9310, Vol. 48, no 8, 1505-1517 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Local convective heat transfer coefficients were measured on a two-diameter long cylinder in axial flows of air at conditions unexplored so far, by using thermochromic liquid crystals (TLC) coated on an electrically heated strip-foil consisting bonded to the external surfaces. The Reynolds numbers (Re) based on the cylinder diameter were between 8.9 x 10(4) and 6.17 x 10(5), and the flow in front of the cylinder was modified in some cases by the use of a turbulence generating grid, or by circular disc inserts of two sizes placed upstream of the cylinder. These created a major change in the local convective heat transfer coefficient distribution on the cylinder. Increase of the turbulence intensity from Tu < 0.1% to Tu = 6.7% at the same Re increased the average calculated Nusselt number Nu over the cylinder by 25%, and decreased the Nu non-uniformity over the surface. One of the flow modification inserts also reduced significantly the Nu non-uniformity. The position of flow reattachment was measured using tufts. Our heat transfer data agree well with the small amount if data published of others, when extrapolated to their conditions. Correlations between the Nu and Re in the form Nu = CRee were established and presented for the average Nu on the front, middle and rear cylinder surfaces, and the variation of the local exponent e was shown along the cylinder. Introducing a new technique, a TLC-coated heated flat plate mounted in the flow above the cylinder in the meridional plane was demonstrated to help visualize the flow field above the cylinder. A track of maximum convective coefficients on this plate was found similar in position to the stream line dividing the forward and backward flows in a case measured for the separated flow in a past study.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 48, no 8, 1505-1517 p.
circular cylinder, axial flow, convective heat transfer, thermochromic liquid crystals, separated flows
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-37898DOI: 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2004.10.015ISI: 000228228400009ScopusID: 2-s2.0-14644424552OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-37898DiVA: diva2:435556