Influence of Oxide Particles and Residual Elements on Microstructure and Toughness in the Heat-Affected Zone of Low-Carbon Steel Deoxidized with Ti and Zr
2011 (English)In: ISIJ International, ISSN 0915-1559, Vol. 51, no 7, 1151-1162 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The microstructure and toughness in Fe-0.04%C-1.85%Mn-0.03%Si-0.018%Nb steel deoxidized with Ti and Zr have been studied as functions of particle characteristics, austenite grain size and soluble Ti and Zr contents using a simulated HAZ (heat affected zone) thermal cycle (peak temperature, 1 400 degrees C; peak holding time, 60 s; time of cooling from 800 to 500 degrees C, 70 s) and submerged arc welding (heat input of 15 kJ/mm), respectively. Microstructures were studied in samples containing 1.0 to 1.5 mu m-diameter oxide particles numbering 500 to 2 000 mm(-2) and with a soluble oxygen content of 10 to 30 ppm (measured before casting) and soluble Ti and Zr contents of 50-150 ppm. The gamma grain size after HAZ thermal cycle in the range between 200 and 600 mu m is controlled by pinning and solute drag. Small gamma grain size below 300 mu m was obtained with high soluble Ti and Zr contents of 110-160 ppm, whereas large gamma grain size above 300 mu m was obtained with low soluble Ti and Zr contents of 60-110 ppm. Two types of microstructures that showed high Charpy absorbed energy (vE(-10 degrees C)= 150-250 J and vE(-50 degrees C)= 50-150 J) were observed independent of gamma grain size: One is acicular ferrite and a small amount of grain boundary ferrite (GBF) and ferrite side plate (FSP) and the other is GBF, FSP and granular bainitic ferrite. It was observed that low vE(T) values are attributed to the formation of porosity, large-size particles, carbides (+nitrides) and lathe bainitic ferrite.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 51, no 7, 1151-1162 p.
titanium; zirconium; deoxidation; austenite grain size; microstructure refinement; HAZ; acicular ferrite; Charpy absorbed energy
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-38153DOI: 10.2355/isijinternational.51.1151ISI: 000293108500019ScopusID: 2-s2.0-80054073136OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-38153DiVA: diva2:436221
QC 201108222011-08-222011-08-222011-11-11Bibliographically approved