A 3D musculo-mechanical model of the salamander for the study of different gaits and modes of locomotion
2010 (English)In: Frontiers in neurorobotics, ISSN 1662-5218, Vol. 4, 112- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Computer simulation has been used to investigate several aspects of locomotion in salamanders. Here we introduce a three-dimensional forward dynamics mechanical model of a salamander, with physically realistic weight and size parameters. Movements of the four limbs and of the trunk and tail are generated by sets of linearly modeled skeletal muscles. In this study, activation of these muscles were driven by prescribed neural output patterns. The model was successfully used to mimic locomotion on level ground and in water. We compare the walking gait where a wave of activity in the axial muscles travels between the girdles, with the trotting gait in simulations using the musculo-mechanical model. In a separate experiment, the model is used to compare different strategies for turning while stepping; either by bending the trunk or by using side-stepping in the front legs. We found that for turning, the use of side-stepping alone or in combination with trunk bending, was more effective than the use of trunk bending alone. We conclude that the musculo-mechanical model described here together with a proper neural controller is useful for neuro-physiological experiments in silico.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 4, 112- p.
computer simulation, musculo-mechanical model, pattern generators, salamander locomotion, side-stepping, walking gait
Bioinformatics (Computational Biology)
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-39203DOI: 10.3389/fnbot.2010.00112PubMedID: 21206530ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84876144333OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-39203DiVA: diva2:439627
QC 201110042011-09-082011-09-082011-11-10Bibliographically approved