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Creep during power-law breakdown in phosphorus alloyed copper
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Materials Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8494-3983
2008 (English)In: PROCEEDINGS OF THE ASME PRESSURE VESSELS AND PIPING CONFERENCE 2007, VOL 9 / [ed] Jaske, CE; Jaske, CE, NEW YORK: AMER SOC MECHANICAL ENGINEERS , 2008, 419-426 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Copper alloyed with 50 ppm phosphorus (Cu-OFP) is selected for canisters for nuclear waste packages to avoid a low creep ductility, which is sometimes present in pure copper. The operating temperatures of these canisters are in the range from 0 to 100 degrees C. Creep readily takes place in copper even at room temperature. At temperatures below 100 degrees C, creep is well inside the power-law breakdown regime. The creep exponent is in the range from 30 to 100. Since creep models for this situation are missing in the literature, a new model for the minimum creep rate based on fundamental principles for climb and glide has been derived. This model gives the correct order of magnitude for the creep rate in the temperature range from 20 to 400 degrees C without the use of fitted parameters. Design against creep can either be based on the total applied stress or the effective stress. In the first case the constitutive equations can be directly obtained from the minimum experimental creep rates. A new approach is proposed to handle the effective stress case, which is based on the initial creep rates. The phi-model is used to relate the initial creep rate to the minimum one. It is shown how the constitutive equations for the creep rate and the back stress can be transferred to multiaxial stress states for use in FE-modelling.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Keyword [en]
creep, copper, phosphorus, power-law breakdown, effective stress, multiaxial stresses
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-38705DOI: 10.1115/CREEP2007-26518ISI: 000253884500049ScopusID: 2-s2.0-43449091274OAI: diva2:439669
Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference of the American-Society-of-Mechanical-Engineers,San Antonio, TX, JUL 22-26, 2007
QC 20110908Available from: 2011-09-08 Created: 2011-08-31 Last updated: 2011-09-08Bibliographically approved

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