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Future urban-rural relationship in China: comparison in a global context
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2080-6859
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
2010 (English)In: China Agricultural Economic Review, ISSN 1756-137X, Vol. 2, no 4, 396-411 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to make a general comparison between urban-rural relationship in China and that in the developed countries, aiming to draw some experiences based on which future tendencies of urban-rural relationship in China could be predicted.

Design/methodology/approach – The core analysis of this paper examines how the urban-rural relationship develops especially when urbanization rate reaches a very high level. Through literature review, this paper explores the evolution of urban-rural relationship in developed nations by referring to some international cities in different industrial stages. In parallel, it goes through this relationship in China from 1949 until now.

Findings – This paper shows that future urbanization development in China will be generated largely by rural-urban migration especially the eastern-inclined migration while rural industrialization-lead urbanization would develop at the provincial level. It also points that education and training to the labor force is the crucial issue to future urbanization development in China.

Originality/value – The obvious value of this paper is to predict, through a historical review and comparison, urban-rural relationship in China when it is approaching to high urbanization level. Literature review finds some experiences in developed countries that will somehow take place in China. It also analyzes the eastern-oriented rural-urban migration, rural industrialization and their influence on urban-rural relationship in China.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 2, no 4, 396-411 p.
Keyword [en]
Knowledge economy, China, Urban regions, Rural regions
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-39477DOI: 10.1108/17561371011097713ISI: 000208393000002Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-79955109478OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-39477DiVA: diva2:439867
Note

QC 20110909

Available from: 2011-09-09 Created: 2011-09-09 Last updated: 2013-05-06Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Urban-Rural Relations in China: A Study of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Metropolitan Region
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Urban-Rural Relations in China: A Study of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Metropolitan Region
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Over three decades of rapid economic growth in China, beginning in 1978, has been accompanied by ever-enlarging urban-rural inequalities in terms of the various aspects of income, welfare, infrastructure, medical treatment, and education (amongst others). These two parts – the urban and the rural - have long been treated separately, without much consideration being given to their mutual linkages (relations). Urban and rural development can, essentially, be interpreted as the deployment of key factors (terms of trade for agricultural products, land requisition, and labor transfer), and the supply of public goods and services (infrastructure, education, insurance, and medical care). Thus, the urban-rural inequalities experienced by China at present can be understood as the consequence of the factor flows (labor, capital, goods, information, and technology, etc.) and agglomeration between these two parts.

This thesis aims to investigate urban-rural relations in China in the post-reform era, and their influences on the economic, social, and environmental development in both the urban and the rural areas. The thesis consists of five papers and the cover essay. The first two papers provide a detailed picture of urban-rural relations in China, while the other papers examine the impact of urban-rural relations in terms of population mobility, arable and built land use change, and regional economic inequality in the study area.

The findings of the thesis reveal that urban-rural relations in China became gradually intensified in the post-reform era, especially when the central government initiated a shift from a situation of urban bias to comprehensive support for the rural areas. However, the mutual resource flows in the study area still tend to agglomerate in the urban districts, while only reaching the rural peripheries to a limited extent. This is demonstrated in the way in which the urban districts experienced fast and large scale demographic growth and land use change, while slow and small-scale demographic and land use change took place in the peripheries. The urban-rural interface, which is situated between the urban and rural areas, evidences medium-level resource agglomeration.

This thesis, through the discussion which it sets out, emphasizes the necessity of exercising both political and market forces in order to achieve balanced urban-rural resource flows in China. Another implication for policy making is to develop more sub-centers at the peri-urban or periphery, making these areas the interface for urban-rural resource linkages.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2011. 87 p.
Series
Trita-SOM , ISSN 1653-6126 ; 2011:12
Keyword
Urban-rural linkages, Urban bias, Urban-rural interface, Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Metropolitan Region, China
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-39474 (URN)978-91-7501-093-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2011-09-23, B2, Brinellvägen 23, KTH, Stockholm, 09:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
QC 20110909Available from: 2011-09-09 Created: 2011-09-09 Last updated: 2011-09-09Bibliographically approved

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